The impact of tourism on extremely visited volcanic island: Link between environmental pollution and transportation modes

Varování

Publikace nespadá pod Pedagogickou fakultu, ale pod Lékařskou fakultu. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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BRTNICKÝ Martin PECINA Václav VAŠINOVÁ GALIOVÁ Michaela PROKEŠ Lubomír ZVĚŘINA Ondřej JUŘIČKA David KLIMÁNEK Martin KYNICKÝ Jindřich

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Chemosphere
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Citace
www https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126118
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126118
Klíčová slova Overtourism; Santorini; Airport; Traffic; Ecological risk; Destination management
Popis The enormous tourism boom raises concern about possible negative environmental impacts worldwide. One of the risks posed by tourism may be heavy metal pollution. On the example of the volcanic island of Santorini, a popular tourist destination, pollution of soils categorized according to the tourism load was monitored. Significant anthropogenic contamination by heavy metals, especially Cu, Cr and Pb, was found out. This contamination may constitute a moderate ecological risk to the island ecosystems. Tourism has been shown to be a significant pollution factor as evidenced by the contaminated soils near the airport. Simultaneously, airport traffic has been proved to be an important emitter of Co, Cr and especially Zn. The comparison with other volcanic islands has shown that on Santorini the content of heavy metals in soils is significantly lower, despite frequently higher tourism intensity. On this basis, it can be concluded that in case of volcanic islands the dominant factor determining the content of heavy metals in the soil is the parent rock. Given high and ever-increasing intensity of tourism on the island, it can be assumed that soil contamination will continue to rise rapidly. Therefore, without proper steps reducing tourism, increase in soil degradation, growing negative impacts on local ecosystems as well as on the quality of produced wine can be expected on Santorini.
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