Analyse des besoins en français de spécialité pour étudiants étrangers en stage professionnel en France

Title in English Needs analysis in French for specific purposes for foreign students during internships in France


Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Language Learning in Higher Education; Journal of the European Confederation of Language Centres in Higher Education (CercleS)
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Keywords French for specific purposes; intercultural differences; internships; needs analysis; work environment
Description In order to make teaching of French for specific purposes more effective, a needs analysis is a necessary step to determine the real needs of students who prepare to use French language at work on a regular basis. Therefore, cooperation between universities and companies or authorities active in labour market is very important. A detailed needs analysis enables us to identify various communication situations, both formal and informal, as well as the possible imperfections in students' language competence and problematic areas typical for work environment. This article presents results of a qualitative research on French for specific purposes and experience of Czech students during internships in France, using the Grounded Theory Method (GTM). The research sample is composed of eight Czech students of a double degree of French-Czech Public Administration diploma from Masaryk University and University of Rennes 1, and of their French tutors. In their final year of studies, the students spend a two-month internship in French public administration authorities in the city of Rennes. Throughout the internships, the researcher conducted extensive individual interviews. Based on the findings of a thorough and detailed analysis, problematic areas and needs of language and intercultural competence development are identified. The author suggests topics to be integrated in French for specific purposes courses or a new course of an international mobility preparation.
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