Demand Fading as a Treatment for Escape-maintained Problem Behavior in a Child with Autism



Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source EduPort Education Support Journal
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Keywords autism spectrum disorder; behavior intervention; demand fading
Description The article presents a research focused on problem behavior reduction in a child with autism spectrum disorder. Based on functional assessment, it was hypothesized that the target problem behavior primary function was to stop a demand or task in progress. We used a single subject experimental design to evaluate the effects of a demand fading procedure to reduce the occurrence of tantrums and self-injury during natural environment teaching sessions. The intervention included removal of all instructional demands and their gradual reintroduction based on a set criterion of low levels of problem behavior occurrence. The results show that withdrawing all demands and subsequent gradual fading in of instructions during teaching sessions may function as a viable antecedent strategy for decreasing problem behaviors maintained by escape.
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