Poustevníci versus reformace. K utváření, životu a zániku předbělohorské německo-české provincie řádu paulánů v 15. a 16. století.

Title in English Hermits versus Reformation. The Formation, Life and Downfall of German-Czech Pre-White Mountain Province of the Order of the Minims in the 15th and 16 th Century.


Year of publication 2012
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Sborník prací Pedagogické fakulty Masarykovy univerzity,
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Field History
Keywords Eremite; Minims; church history; reformation; monastery life; heretic
Description The first German-Czech province of the Minim order was founded in the late 15th and early 16th century, during the life of St.Francis of Paola. The fact that the first monasteries in the Czech lands were on the estate of prominent Czech families (Kuklov on the estate of the Rosenbergs, the monastery at Nová Bystřice on the land of the Krajířs from Krajek) shows interest in this new order and confidence in its benefits. The Minim convents built in seclusion, living in strict asceticism, were to become centres of deep spiritual renewal and also had to create an effective barrier to prevent the spread of the Reformation. However, they were vouchsafed to operate only for a few decades. Share on the temporary downfall of the Pre-White Mountain province is attributed to the Lutherans. Some sources also refer to the activity and violence of the Anabaptists, against whom the Minims worked on the field of preaching and who Konrád Krajíř, the founder of the monastery at Nová Bystřice, testified from his estate in 1533. Some prominent families joined the lutheran Reformation, among them the Polheims, on whose estate was located the monastery in Thalheim. A question remains over the fate of the fourth monastery – the one in Týn nad Vltavou or in Těnovice, whose existence and also the locality is unclear because of the absence of sources. The termination of German-Czech province during the first half of 16th century was the result of changes in the religious situation in connection with the worsening economic situation of the convents.

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