Czech primary minority education in the years of the First Czechoslovak Republic (with a view to the situation in the Brno language island)
The “Metelka Act”, which laid out the procedure for the establishment of new minority schools, was, in terms of nationalities, the most important of the large number of educational laws issued following the foundation of the Czechoslovak Republic. Although the act made it possible for all minorities to build schools, under the given political conditions it tended to accommodate the needs of Czech national education in particular. Many Czech organisations and societies, such as the Central School Foundation, branches of Sokol, professional teacher organisations and many regional women’s and youth organisations (including, in South Moravia, the National Union for Southwest Moravia), had an interest in the establishment of Czech minority education. This paper, in addition to a theoretical section on Czech minority education, also offers a concise look at the situation in minority education in three districts in the former German language island to the south of the historical centre of the City of Brno.
Keywords: minority education; Czech schools; teachers; primary education; primary school; language island; school districts; school boards; Czech-German conflicts.